Botswana is one of Africa’s most politically stable countries. It has the highest investment rating in Africa and one of the highest GDPs per capita in Africa, with an economy dominated by mining, cattle and tourism.
The Department of Mines and Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources maintain and manage the mining data and licensing. The mining sector is a major contributor to the economy and provides around 40% of all the government revenues. Several international mining companies have regional headquarters in Botswana. It is the world’s largest producer of diamonds and has an established mining infrastructure.
It has the continent’s longest continuous multiparty democracy since achieving independence on 30 September 1966, and still maintains its strong tradition of stable democracy. Botswana is the least corrupt country in Africa with one of the most advanced banking systems in Africa.
Botswana is a member of the African Union, Southern African Development Community, Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations.
It is a sparsely populated region in the Southern Africa region with vast wilderness areas. Both English and Setswana are the official languages, and the Pula is used as the local currency.
Gaborone is the capital city with a population of approximately 250,000. Botswana has a small population of just over 2 million people, with a country area of 581,730 square kilometres, making it one of the most sparsely populated nations in the world. The country is landlocked and shares boundaries with the following neighbouring countries: Republic of South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia.